Special Issue - Inquiring into Technoscience in India

Editorial Introduction to the Special Issue: Inquiring into Technoscience in India

Dhruv Raina

The relationship between science and the public is indeed a complicated one, and it gets messier for it is equally contingent upon how we happen to think about this relationship. We certainly don’t wish to commit the fallacy of believing that the way things are is identical with the way we think about them.

Published: 25 March 2022

Special Issue - Inquiring into Technoscience in India

By The People: How ‘clicktivism’ helped shape net neutrality in India

Vidya Subramanian

In March 2015, the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) released a consultation paper inviting responses and comments from the public to recommendations that private telecom operators be allowed to charge extra for third-party internet-based applications and services. This was in response to certain telecom companies deciding to charge internet-based voice calls at the rate of voice calls, paving the way for differentiating between kinds of content transferred via the internet using mobile phones.

Published: 25 March 2022

Special Issue - Inquiring into Technoscience in India

Peopling Technoscience: Locating the Sciences and Publics of Air Pollution in Delhi

Prerna Srigyan, Rohit Negi

Delhi’s toxic air, especially in the last decade, has invited a technoscientific scramble to understand, interpret, and provide fixes. The process takes place at a particular historical conjuncture marked by heightened scientism, the dominance of the market, and the splintering of scientific knowledge and practices. Technoscientific interest in air is then varied, and produces competing perspectives and policy interventions, further complicated by the state’s persistent denialism on the one hand, and a push towards a national scientific project on the other.

Published: 25 March 2022

Special Issue - Inquiring into Technoscience in India

Building a BUS: Technoscience and the emerging mode of organising interventions in Indian Cities

Govind Gopakumar

Despite the growing economic footprint of cities, surprisingly little attention has been devoted to understanding the relation between technoscience and cities. The field of urban technoscience seeks to develop a body of knowledge to plan and design vital urban metabolic flows including water, waste, sanitation, movement, and energy.

Published: 25 March 2022

Special Issue - Inquiring into Technoscience in India

The Socio-technical challenge between the two modes: how to engage Science and Technology Studies in a coherent Engineering practice?

Vivek Kant

The change in Indian political and economic conditions has brought about a change in the outlooks of academic producers and consumers alike. There has been an increasing demand for transparency and equity in government-supported modes of activity, as well as, an increase in engineering and technological activity. Demand has grown in the sectors of engineering and design.

Published: 25 March 2022

Special Issue - Inquiring into Technoscience in India

Public Participation and Citizen Science in India: Roads Not Taken

Shambu Prasad C

Science policy in India has historically been the domain of experts with little consultation and peoples’ participation. While the new Indian Science, Technology and Innovation Policy offers promise with themes for equity and inclusion, there is a need to fundamentally rethink the contract between science and society and the role of public participation in science in India.

Published: 25 March 2022

Special Issue - Inquiring into Technoscience in India

‘Citizen Science’ in ecology in India

Naveen Thayyil, Pankaj Sekhsaria

The emergence of Citizen Science can be understood as the coming together of three broad contemporary trends at the intersection of scientific research and environmental regulation: the growing awareness among the public on matters of the environment, the growing availability of (big) data that has been facilitated by the rapid evolution of technologies of data gathering, transmission and analysis, all of which would broadly constitute the frame of ‘big data.’

Published: 25 March 2022


Is it worth ‘flipping’ your favourite journal to open access? An opinion

Geoffrey Bodenhausen

In the course of 2019, a new open access journal called Magnetic Resonance was launched by the Groupement Ampère in Zurich. The journal is produced by a small publisher in Göttingen, Germany, that has gathered experience with a palette of journals run by the European Geosciences Union (EGU).

Published: 19 February 2022

Special Issue - Public Health

The Deepening of Disciplinary Content: Public Health in Post-COVID India

Ritu Priya, Rameshwar N K Bamezai

This editorial discusses the COVID-19 pandemic, the biggest public health event in a century that has caused illness in almost 180 million persons and loss of over 4 million lives worldwide, and disrupted the social and economic life of all societies.

Published: 07 December 2021

Special Issue - Public Health

Rebuilding India’s Public Health

Imrana Qadeer

Assuming impervious boundaries of public health service systems when searching for answers to its problems can be misleading as historically, economic and welfare planning to improve the quality of life of all has been considered critical.

Published: 07 December 2021

Special Issue - Public Health

Making HIS More Agile, Relevant and Public Health Friendly: Lessons from COVID-19 in India

Arijit Sen, Carolyn Tauro, Arunima Mukherjee, Sundeep Sahay

As the pandemic has spread globally, countries have adopted different strategies to leverage digital technologies, in their design, development, implementation, and governance to address the pandemic.

Published: 07 December 2021

Special Issue - Public Health

Public Health Genomics – Treading Two Parallel Tracks

Rameshwar N K Bamezai

Against the backdrop of a decrepit healthcare system, where health for all is still a ‘distant’ dream, exposing stark gaps and shortfall of crucial inputs at various levels in catering to the health needs and requirements of a large population has compelled a review of the existing system and innovative course corrections.

Published: 07 December 2021

Special Issue - Public Health

A Complex Systems Account of the COVID-19 Pandemic: Illustrations from India

Sayan Das

This article posits that a complex systems thinking is needed to make sense of the society-wide ramifications of a ‘wicked’ problem like the pandemic and devise appropriate resolutions.

Published: 07 December 2021

Special Issue - Public Health

Indian Plural Health System and Resilience: Lessons from COVID-19

Unnikrishnan Payyappallimana

This is a commentary on the idea of resilience from the perspectives of AYUSH and local health traditions (LHTs) as witnessed historically and during the COVID pandemic.

Published: 07 December 2021

Special Issue - Public Health

Critical Holism as Public Health Theory: Towards a Unifying Framework for Research, Policy and Planning

Ritu Priya

This paper argues for Critical Holism (CH) as an overarching theoretical framework that can provide PH and its sub-fields a unifying structure within which they can locate themselves in relation to each other.

Published: 07 December 2021


Challenges for India in agriculture and the pivotal role of R&D in meeting these

Deepak Pental

Agriculture globally must meet the challenge of feeding a growing population while minimizing its environmental impacts. For India, there is an additional challenge of making farming profitable for small landholders. I assess the possibility of achieving low-input, high-output agriculture for India; low-input both in terms of natural resources and monetary inputs. Input, output analysis shows that bringing about low-input, high-output agriculture would require curbing the over-exploitation of groundwater resources, soil analysis-based use of fertilizers, conservation agriculture, crop diversification, and doubling of the crop and livestock productivity.

Published: 15 June 2021


Citizen Science in India: Introduction, Challenges and Way Forward

Suryesh Kumar Namdeo

Citizen science with its enormous potential to democratise science and contribute to 'big' projects has gained momentum around the world in the last two decades. India with its current demographics and the level of penetration of technology has a huge opportunity to harness citizen science for the benefit of science and society. However, its growth in India has remained slow and lopsided with some sporadic projects working on a few thematic areas in mostly southern and western India. In this article, various issues are analysed that plague citizen science in India and argue that the absence of an institutional structure to support it is one of the main reasons for its underdevelopment. Further, a model is proposed for the institutionalisation taking into account various stakeholders and challenges. The objective of this model is to improve the 'ease of doing citizen science in India' and thereby making it more widespread and accessible.

Published: 02 March 2021


Sustainability Analysis of Municipal Solid Waste Management Programme in GMADA cluster, Punjab

Monikankana Sharma

Solid waste management (SWM) is one of the important components of 'Swachh Bharat Mission,' a campaign taken up by the Government of India with an aim to clean up the streets of Indian cities/towns and make them free from open defecation. This paper analyses the action plans taken up by the government of Punjab in response to the new SWM Rules, 2016, for developing waste processing facilities.

Published: 17 February 2021


Beyond Nationality: Opportunities for Trans-Boundary Wildlife Conservation

Sutirtha Lahiri, Ninad Avinash Mungi, Neeraj Mahar

Unlike humans, political and physical boundaries do not limit animals that are long-ranging. However, due to political, economic and social conflicts between countries, it is the wildlife that takes a hit. Many countries have recognized this and effective measures of trans-boundary conservation have successfully been implemented. This has not only paved the way for the conservation of species that range in multiple countries but has also enhanced cooperation between countries on several fronts. In this article, we highlight the need for similar trans-boundary measures between India and Pakistan and focus on a few species which can act as potential flagship species in this regard. In the background of global commitments by India and nations for conserving the freedom of movement, and for securing the services offered by these ecological flows to the people of both nations, we propose a scientific discussion for establishing trans-boundary peace parks.

Published: 17 February 2021

Book Review

‘We Looked for Scientists…’

Mathangi Krishnamurthy

Pankaj Sekhsaria takes us into the heart of the materiality and everyday conditions that constitute the history and practice of NS&T and its applications in India.

Published: 02 December 2020

Book Review

The Social in/and the Scientific

Vasundhara Bhojvaid

Pankaj Sekhsaria’s Instrumental Lives: An Intimate Biography of an Indian Laboratory (hereon Instrumental Lives) published by Routledge in 2019 is an ethnography of the life of a laboratory in the Physics Department of Savitribai Phule University, Pune headed by Indian Scientist CV Dharmadhikari.

Published: 20 November 2020


Science, State and Meteorology in India

Biswanath Dash

This paper aims to examine the evolution of ‘cyclone warning’ as a meteorological service in India and through this, explicate the relationship between science and the state.

Published: 08 August 2020


COVID-19: Questioning Public Healthcare Systems and Scientific approaches

Dipjyoti Das, Raghunath Chelakkot, Dibyendu Das, Soumya Bera

In the context of the current COVID-19 pandemic, we argue that merely focusing on immediate Government decisions and scientific modeling directed to assist such immediate measures, leaves us with limited scope for eradication and prevention of such a global crisis. We should widen our perspective and methods of analysis to include the long-term economic, social and ecological causes which all combine to intensify the likelihood of recurrent epidemics, and sustain poor public healthcare systems.

Published: 28 April 2020


Judicial Cartography in Public Interest Litigation in India: Re-reading the Kudankulam case

Nupur Chowdhury

India has witnessed strong and sustained civil society resistance movements against nuclear power plants in the recent past. The Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant was both a site of such a movement and was also one of the few where the legal challenge was also launched. How should we understand this legal challenge and the judgments of the Madras High Court and then the Supreme Court? This question is explored through the theoretical lens of judicial cartography. Judicial cartography allows us to appreciate the critical role of the Court in deploying its formidable discretion in public interest cases, to legitimate State action and delegitimize citizen demands vis-à-vis the development and deployment of nuclear technology. Judicial cartography draws attention to the choices exercised by the Court in the selection of material facts, identification of legal issues, consideration of epistemic resources and in the determination of equitable outcomes. Such judicial choices reduce the space for public deliberation and citizen’s engagement in policy and deeply undermine democracy.

Published: 17 March 2020


Expertise at the ‘Deliberative Turn’: Multiple Publics and the Social Distribution of Technoscientific Expertise

Shiju Sam Varughese

This paper looks at how expertise is understood and employed in two technoscientific controversies—the public debate on the environmental release of Bt brinjal and the commissioning of nuclear power plants at Kudankulam, Tamil Nadu. The study contends that there are more democratic and technically and politically robust alternative modes of technoscientific decision making envisaged by social movements.

Published: 06 February 2020


The Department of Geology, Institute of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi: A Success Story of 100 Years

N V Chalapathi Rao

The article has been penned to commemorate the centenary of the Department of Geology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi. The article traces the evolution of the department since inception through consolidation to its pinnacle since past 100 years and also brings out the invaluable scientific contributions made by its faculty and its alumni in mentoring other geoscience departments of the country. The roadmap for the future is also highlighted.

Published: 07 January 2020


The Knowledge Systems Debate in India

Lawrence Surendra

This is the first part of a two-part review on the book titled Indian Knowledge Systems (Vol. 1 and Vol. 2) edited by Kapil Kapoor and Avadesh Kumar Singh, published by the Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla. The review essays are an attempt to initiate a wider critical debate around the discourses, on Indian knowledge systems, especially among the scientific community in India.

Published: 22 October 2019


Observations on the Draft National Education Policy


The Draft National Education Policy-2019 (DNEP) comprehensively deals with education at various levels ranging from pre-school, to higher secondary, college and university, including professional courses.

Published: 18 July 2019


Impact of digital revolution on the practice of science communication

K P Madhu

The practice of science journalism/reporting/communication has changed completely in the last three decades. Though the number of specialised areas of scientific investigations and the number of scientific journals as well as the associated technical terminologies have increased many folds, for a science journalist, the task of reporting and popularising science has become simpler.

Published: 03 July 2019


A Framework to Address the Food, Energy and Water Nexus among Indian Megacities and Their Rapidly Expanding Peripheries

Rajat Mishra, Gourvendu Saxena, Aditya Bandla, Sanjay Swarup

India is growing fast, with its fast-expanding cities that are rapidly growing into megacities. This not only puts tremendous pressure on the existing resources of these cities but also poses a grand challenge to the urban planner on how to decongest the flow of resources to the continuously growing population.

Published: 25 June 2019


A Report of the Workshop on ‘Advances in Earth System Science’ Organized by the Department of Geology, Banaras Hindu University (BHU) and Indian Academy of Sciences (31st October – 1st November, 2018 at Varanasi)

N V Chalapathi Rao

A workshop on ‘Advances in Earth system science’ under the aegis of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore, convened by N.V. Chalapathi Rao (BHU) was held from 31st October – 1st November, 2018 at the Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi. The workshop was a part of the 84th Annual meeting of the Indian Academy of Sciences.

Published: 24 June 2019


Fake science and the knowledge crisis: ignorance can be fatal

Computers, the Internet and social media enable every individual to be a publisher, communicating true or false information instantly and globally. In the ‘post-truth’ era, deception is commonplace at all levels of contemporary life. Fakery affects science and social information and the two have become highly interactive globally...

Published: 24 May 2019


For a Place at the ‘High-Table’: The Compelling Case of Indian Women in Science

Sneha Sudha Komath

Much of the existing literature on women in science in India tends to highlight the ‘absence’ of women, while that is no longer the case. Based on an extensive review of the available evidence, the paper reflects that the number of women in science has been steadily growing, though with significant variations across disciplines.

Published: 12 April 2019


Management of Collegiate Education in the 21st Century: Some Insights

Muralidhar Kambadur

It is a popular perception in the minds of both educated laymen and distinguished academicians that the quality of higher education in our country is on a declining course since Independence. The 'quality' that everybody is referring to is not defined precisely. The global rankings published by a couple of international agencies in which no Indian university figures anywhere in the top hundred, added to the confusion. The opening statement also implies that Indian institutions of higher education (HEI) were better off before we attained political independence compared to the post-independent period, particularly in the sphere of science education and training. There was never any confusion about the University-Society interaction dynamics. Socio-economic-cultural milieu kept changing in the last one hundred years and accordingly what kept changing was the public understanding and expectation of what a University is and what it should be. The Government of India appointed many commissions and committees to assess the Indian education system from primary through secondary and tertiary stages to suggest appropriate reforms. Voluminous reports were also submitted and new organizations like University Grants Commission (UGC), National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC), etc., were also floated to put into action some of the well-meaning suggestions. The growth of institutions of higher learning in terms of numbers, funding, administrative framework, infrastructure, etc., did not stop in the same period. Why then this common perception? We need a comprehensive study, and an analysis of the educational system to diagnose the problem. We also need tangible plans of action and clear recommendations on how to restore quality.

Published: 02 February 2019


Promoting a Climate for University Research: OURIIP, the Odisha University Research and Innovation Incentivization Plan

Asoka Kumar Das

On November 14, 2018 the Minister for Higher Education in Odisha, Mr. Ananta Das released a policy guideline on the Odisha University Research and Innovation Incentivization Plan (OURIIP). The plan provides funding support in three aspects with the aim of promoting high-quality research. The first is to provide fellowships for students pursuing research. The second is to provide seed funding for early career research to the faculty across universities in the state, and the third is to support high-quality publications. The details of the scheme are given in the attached brochure, and in this introduction, I briefly discuss the motivation behind the OURIIP.

Published: 13 December 2018


Mapping Patents and Research Publications of Higher Education Institutes and National R&D Laboratories of India

Ravi Dhar

This study will be of help to the academia and national R&D organizations to understand how major academic and R&D organizations of eminence in India have contributed towards the progress in various research and intellectual property rights (IPR) activities around the country.

Published: 28 December 2018


Remembering Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya’s Contribution to the History of Philosophical Thought and Scientific Ideas on His Birth Centenary​ ​1​​

Dhruv Raina

Lokāyata is considered Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya’s magnum opus, a pioneering exploration of the history of materialist thought in ancient India. This work not only established his reputation but subsequently provided a rationale for the need to re-position the schools of Indian philosophical thought in terms of their internal diversity, the range of philosophical problems addressed and the ‘family resemblances’ between the schools.

Published: 13 December 2018


Learning Outcome Based Science Education – Avoid ‘Old Wine in New Bottle’ Approach: Lessons from the Past

Rameshwar N K Bamezai

Our country has made progress over the decades after independence, yet a lot remains to be desired, despite periodic formulation and revision of policies in Higher Education and S&T. The commentary here deals with current changes in looking at the policies of the past and the learning-outcome-based higher education, in brief. Suggestions are made in shaping learning outcome-based UG and PG education by providing a specific example of a subject area.

Published: 05 November 2018


Sexual Harassment in Academic Sciences, Engineering and Medicine: A Report

Padmini Swaminathan

The growing incidence of sexual harassment in the United States in academia is alarming. More so, as an increasing number of women are entering various science, engineering and medical establishments as students and faculty. Given the increased incidence of sexual offences, the findings of this Report gain universal relevance, in STEM institutions in particular.

Published: 29 October 2018


Gender and Sexual Harassment in Science, Technology, Engineering and Medicine: A New Report

Vineeta Bal

This is not intended to be a book review. Instead, it is a comment apropos of the June 2018 publication of a study report titled 'Sexual Harassment of Women: Climate, Culture, and Consequences in Academic Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine' released by the National Academies Press, USA (2018). Soon, some so-called 'elite' science journals took note of the report and gave it a good amount of publicity.

Published: 29 October 2018


Rewriting the Contract with Science

Gurpreet Mahajan

The social sciences stand at a critical juncture today; they have lost the capacity to intervene effectively and authoritatively in the public political discourses. Are our methodological practices responsible for this? Do we need to take a critical look at these practices and reassess them?

Published: 01 October 2018


On UGC: statement by three Indian science academies


On June 27th, 2018, the Government of India formally declared its intention to replace the University Grants Commission (UGC) Act of 1956 by the Higher Education Commission of India (HECI) Act. The Science Academies offer their point of view.

Published: 06 September 2018


On the History, Politics and Science of Invasion Ecology

Ninad Avinash Mungi and Qamar Qureshi

The socio-political influence on conservation science has always been contested. One such arena, which has aroused much interest, is of biological invasions. Owing to the inherent paradoxes and dilemmas in defining geographies and impacts, invasion ecology was criticized for being value-driven.

Published: 30 August 2018

Book Review

Breaking the Silo: Integrated Science Education in India

Neeraja Sundaram

Breaking the Silo is a novel and engaging look at three very pertinent themes in the present time: (i) the persisting divide between Science and Humanities disciplines in Indian institutions of higher education, (ii) the existing contexts and future possibilities for integrating what appears to be 'two cultures' and (iii) bridging the perceived gap between the natural and human sciences.

Published: 14 August 2018


India’s Nuclear Energy Program

R Rajaraman

I describe the development of nuclear energy in India, its current status and its future prospects vis-à-vis the global trends in the nuclear industry that are also summarized. A short discussion on carbon emissions and global warming is provided to assess the contribution that nuclear energy can make in mitigating the issue of climate change.

Published: 25 July 2018


Higher Education Commission of India: Challenges Ahead

N. Sathyamurthy

Now that the Government of India has decided to set up the Higher Education Commission of India (HECI), it is time to look at the challenges ahead. The University Grants Commission (UGC) will cease to exist. All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE) and the National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE) will continue to function. National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) will continue too.

Published: 24 July 2018


The ‘Public’ and the ‘Outreach’: Public Outreach of Science in India

Dipyaman Ganguly

In the 21st century, as the global scientific pursuits provide an enormous amount of new revelations about the natural world, the gap between lay public and the scientific community widens more than ever. On the other hand, scientific endeavours all around the world increasingly depend on popular support for such efforts, as the policy decisions are largely driven by popular perceptions.

Published: 26 June 2018

Book Review

Sacred Bovines - the ironies of misplaced assumptions in Biology

Douglas Allchin

This is an interesting book dealing with the Sociology of Science. The origin of experimental science in the modern sense can be traced to the 15th century Renaissance period. Of course, scientific inquiry was being conducted in many civilizations much before the European Renaissance.

Published: 18 June 2018


On evolution: statement by three Indian science academies


The Hon. Minister of State for Human Resource Development, Shri Satyapal Singh has been quoted as saying that “Nobody, including our ancestors, in writing or orally, have said they saw an ape turning into a man. Darwin’s theory (of evolution of humans) is scientifically wrong. It needs to change in school and college curricula."

Published: 06 June 2018


SERB and other sources of extramural support under the Ministry of Science and Technology

M. Vijayan

For decades, the Science and Engineering Research Council (SERC) of the Department of Science and Technology (DST) has been the most important source for competitive research grants in India. The Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB) which recently replaced SERC, has turned out to be less effective than SERC...

Published: 25 May 2018


A Policy Statement on “Dissemination and Evaluation of Research Output in India” by the Indian National Scince Academy (New Delhi)

Praveen Chaddah, Subhash C Lakhotia

Research adds to human knowledge by addressing well-posed questions about the unknown. Science progressesonly when a new discovery is subjected to thorough peer-review and further validated by the community...

Published: 22 May 2018


Arsenic Toxicity in Soil-Plant-Human Continuum and Remedial Options

Saroj Kumar Sanyal

Even though the widespread arsenic (As) contamination of groundwater in West Bengal (India) and Bangladesh has remained mostly confined to the Bengal delta basin, bound by the rivers Bhagirathi and Padma, the spread (detection) of such groundwater arsenic contamination has been reported from several states of India, as well as certain other parts of the Indian ...

Published: 16 April 2018


Commonwealth Academies of Science Statement on Climate Change

The world’s climate is changing, and the impacts are already being observed. Changing agricultural conditions, ocean warming and acidification ...

Published: 16 March 2018


Evaluate the Evaluations!

Raghavendra Gadagkar

Bad practices seem to spread very rapidly and go to near fixation, making it very hard to subsequently replace them with good practices...

Published: 23 February 2018


Science in the Public Sphere: Dissemination, Discussion, and Dialogue

Ramakrishna Ramaswamy

By its very nature, the scientific pursuit is a highly creative and individual undertaking. Today it has also concurrently become a highly collaborative enterprise ...

Published: 17 January 2018

Meeting Report

Outcomes and Lessons From the First CDRI-NRDC-Industry Conclave

Sabyasachi Sanyal, Saman Habib, Ritu Trivedi, K.V. Sashidhara, Kishor Mohanan and Amit Misra

The first Industry Conclave organized jointly by the CSIR-CDRI and the National Research Development Corporation (NRDC) was held on 15–16 September 2017. This document summarizes the learnings from the formal panel discussions conducted during the meeting, as well as interactions among the delegates during the exhibition that showcased the CDRI product pipeline, services offered and proposals for collaborative R&D.

Published: 17 January 2018

Personal News

Dr. Lalji Singh

L.S. Shashidhara

I woke up on 11th December 2017 with the news that Lalji or Dr. Lalji Singh (famously known as the Father of DNA Fingerprinting in India) died of a massive heart attack on the previous evening (10th December).

Published: 17 January 2018


Standing Conventional Wisdom on its Head

Raghavendra Gadagkar, Hari Sridhar

The motivation for this interview is the talk you gave in Young Ecologists Talk and Interact (YETI) conference in 2009, which was in the form of advice to young ecologists on how, you think, science should be done.

Published: 17 January 2018

Compiled Volumes

About us

Publication of scientific journals has been a major activity of the Academy since its formation in 1934 and the Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences Parts A and B began publication that very year. The Academy today publishes 10 journals, several of which grew out of the original Proceedings.

In 1978, the Proceedings split into several themes and today these are (in the intervening years, there have been some changes in the earlier names) Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences, Sadhana – Academy Proceedings in Engineering Sciences, Journal of Chemical Sciences, Journal of Earth System Science, and Journal of Biosciences.

In 1985, the Academy took over publication of the Journal of Genetics, which is among the oldest English language journals in genetics, having been founded in 1910.

New journals that have been launched include Pramana – journal of Physics in 1973, Bulletin of Materials Science in 1979, Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy in 1980, and Resonance – journal of science education in 1996

Our publication programme is guided by the principle that no journal published by the Academy should be in direct competition with other journals published in the country. To the extent possible, the Academy co-operates with other agencies in bringing out its journals, contributions to which are peer-reviewed.


Chief Editor:

Mewa Singh (University of Mysore, Mysuru)

Associate Editors:

Rameshwar N K Bamezai (Retired from Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi),
Malavika Dadlani (Retired from Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi),
Dhruv Raina (Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi),
Rohini Godbole (Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru)

Editor Outreach:

Srikanth Sastry (Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bengaluru)

Editor, Web Outreach:

Sutirth Dey (Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Pune)

Editorial Board:

Arvind (Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Mohali),
Ramray Bhat (Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru),
Guruswamy Kumaraswamy (CSIR National Chemical Laboratory, Pune),
K. P. Madhu (formerly, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Pune),
Shobhana Narasimhan (Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bengaluru),
Pervez Hoodbhoy (Forman Christian College, Lahore, Pakistan),
Gauhar Raza (National Institute of Science Communication & Information Resources, New Delhi),
M S Santhanam (IISER, Pune),
Shubashree Desikan (The Hindu, Chennai),
Shiju Sam Varughese (Central University of Gujarat, Gandhinagar),
Gita Chadha (University of Mumbai, Mumbai),
R Ramanujam (The Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Chennai),
Suman Chakrabarty (S.N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, Kolkata),
T V Padma (Author, Science Journalist)

Editor of Publications:

Prof. Ram Sagar, NASI Honorary Scientist, Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Sarjapur Road, Koramangala, Bengaluru 560 034 (Email: ram_sagar0@yahoo.co.in, eop@ias.ac.in)

Associate Editor of Publications:

Prof. Gaiti Hasan, National Centre for Biological Sciences, TIFR, Bellary Road, Bengaluru 560 065 (Email: gaiti@ncbs.res.in)



Science forms an integral part of society, implicitly creating an ongoing dialogue between the two. However, ideas vary widely on how the scientific enterprise is pursued, and what its role and relevance to society are. A sustained introspection and dialogue about the practice of science in the broadest terms is essential to have an informed and shared vision of the place of science in society and culture. In recent times, rapid changes in the socio-political, cultural and economic spheres worldwide have lent urgency to efforts aimed at re-examining and, perhaps, re-defining the relationship between the scientific community and society at large, as well the nature of the engagement of science with the state, the corporate world and with global networks of the knowledge economy. Yet there have been relatively few attempts to systematically re-conceive the basic nature of the science-society contract.

The Indian Academy of Sciences, Bengaluru, has felt that it is essential to have an open-ended and sustained dialogue amongst science practitioners, science policy makers, science administrators and educators, and the general public. This is the broad intention behind the initiation of DIALOGUE: Science, Scientists, and Society.. It is hoped that the journal will provide a formal forum to promote and facilitate ongoing discussion on issues pertaining to the practice, teaching, management and communication of in addition to other outreach initiatives (see CONFLUENCE.), science as well as all aspects of the science-society interface. DIALOGUE extends the conversation through CONFLUENCE., a moderated public forum, and other outreach initiatives. The hope is that this will give rise to a more inclusive and acceptable vision of the inter-relationship between science, society, polity, and culture.


Aim and Scope

DIALOGUE: Science, Scientists, and Society., published by the Indian Academy of Sciences, Bengaluru, provides a scholarly forum for scientists and other interested parties to discuss and debate issues pertaining to science and society, in the broadest sense. The journal covers three related but distinct themes: (a) the practice of science, including choice of problem, publication, evaluation, funding and other matters; (b) communication of science by its practitioners to students, politicians, administrators, other interested parties, and the general public; and (c) the impact of science on society, and vice versa. These themes are envisaged to cover, for example, introspection on practices in science and academia, education and the communication of science, gender and allied issues in science, science as a social system, culture of science, future directions and implications, goals of science, science-social science interfaces (conversations across disciplines and knowledge systems), indigenous and local knowledge systems and science, imaginations driven by science, connections with other countries, global contributions, funding, organisation of science, administration and management of science, evaluation, critical studies of science and society, science policy studies and more. The journal is also a place for discussion on planning scientific policy, as well as issues pertaining to science education and policy towards education. The journal aims to foster discussion and dialogue by publishing papers addressing any aspect of science practice, science teaching, science administration, science policy and the science-society interface. It will also serve as a place to put on record archival documents from the past, as well as those that may be produced in the future, in which the Academy or other such bodies put down in writing the results of their deliberations on issues of relevance to scientists and society. The journal is accompanied by a more informal but moderated web platform, CONFLUENCE. that aims to provide a forum for all interested parties to share and debate views and interact on these crucial issues.

Information for Authors


DIALOGUE: Science, Scientists, and Society considers articles on all issues pertaining to science practice, science policy, science education, science administration, science communication, and the science-society interface. Contributions must be scholarly in nature and balanced in their outlook. Polemic is not encouraged. Author(s) are responsible for the views expressed in published articles, and publication of an article does not imply an endorsement of the views or opinions therein by the Indian Academy of Sciences. All contributions, including invited submissions, undergo editorial and peer review. The journal is online only: there is no print edition and no restriction on use of colour illustrations. Supporting multimedia material is permitted. PDF and HTML files of all published articles are downloadable free of charge from the journal website. All articles must be in English, with British spelling.

Categories of Manuscript

DIALOGUE: Science, Scientists, and Society will consider full-length articles, short notes, and commentaries. Review articles, annotated bibliography pieces, and book, website or software reviews will typically be solicited. Prospective authors of such contributions are encouraged to contact the editors with a brief proposal prior to submission. There are word limits for all categories.

Article: The regular full-length article (maximum 10,000 words, main text), reporting results of original research or surveys, or an essay pertaining to science and social issues that includes data components, with an abstract of about 250 words.

Short note: A brief article (maximum 2500 words, main text; no abstract; up to four figures, tables, or other display items (e.g. videos); up to 20 references) on an interesting issue but not as fully developed as a full-length article. The first paragraph should be in the form of a summary of the note in about 150 words.

Commentary: A brief summary (maximum 3000 words, main text; up to two display items; up to 20 references) of recently published article(s) in other journals on a common theme of general interest, placing the work discussed in a broader context; no abstract.

Correspondence: A brief comment/critique on an article recently published in DIALOGUE: Science, Scientists, and Society (maximum 2500 words, main text; up to three display items; up to 20 references); no abstract. Authors of the original paper will be invited to submit a response.

Review article: No word / reference / display item limit; should include an abstract of less than 300 words.

Perspectives: A general article looking at some major issue in science research or education, technological applications of science, or the history of science and its impact on society; no word / reference / display item limit; should include abstract of less than 300 words.

Book/software/website review: No word limit; no abstract.


Submitted manuscripts must not have been published previously nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere. Moreover, submission to DIALOGUE: Science, Scientists, and Society will be deemed to imply that the manuscript will not be submitted elsewhere if accepted, or while it is under editorial consideration at DIALOGUE. The decision of the Chief Editor is final in the matter of acceptability for publication.

Submissions can be uploaded here with a covering letter, named as such. Authors whose submissions do not conform to the guidelines given in this section for file formats, and in the sections below, will experience delays in processing. Zip files are not accepted. Each component in the manuscript should be named appropriately. The covering letter, for example, should be named as Covering Letter, the manuscript as Manuscript, the figures as Fig. 1, Fig. 2, etc., and videos as Video 1, Video 2, etc. Each file uploaded should have the appropriate file extension such as - txt, tex, odt, docx, xlsx, pdf, mov.

Plain text, LaTeX, ODT and DOCX files, along with a reference PDF, are acceptable.

  1. Colour and greyscale illustrations: in one of 3 file formats – png, jpg, or bmp, preferably at a resolution of between 150 and 300 ppi. Scale independent graphics can be submitted in svg format.

Note that Microsoft Word and Microsoft PowerPoint files, which are frequently submitted for illustrations, are not acceptable. All lettering in illustrations should be in sans-serif font, preferably Helvetica or Arial, and as close to 8 point size as possible at final print size; hairlines should not be used; minimum line thickness should be 0.5 point.

Please note that the journal ‘strongly recommends’ the author to provide ORCID of all the authors, though it is not mandatory. If ORCID is provided it will help in quick processing of the article.


Authors should submit written permission from appropriate sources for material to be included in their articles that has been published elsewhere.

Title, Author Details, Keywords

The title should preferably be brief, comprehensible to a non-specialist reader, unique and contain words useful for indexing. Serial titles should be avoided. A short running title (of not more than 55 characters including spaces) suitable for page headers, and up to six keywords not in the title should be provided. Full names and affiliations of all authors, and complete postal and email addresses are required.


An abstract is required only for some categories of manuscript. The abstract should convey the essence of the contribution even to a non-specialist reader. For a full article, the abstract should include a few sentences of background to the work, the rationale, and the main results and conclusions. Abbreviations are discouraged. Abstracts should not include citations to references.

Main Text

In the case of a full-length data based article, it should be divided into sections with first-level headings such as Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion (stand alone, boldface). Articles can also have other appropriately descriptive section headings. There may be subsections with short, descriptive headings. Major subsections within sections may be placed under second-level headings (flush left, in italics and boldface, free-standing); these may contain further subsections under third-level headings (flush left, in italics and boldface, and text runs on after a colon). Sections and subsections are not numbered. Footnotes are not allowed. Where appropriate, first person and active voice are preferred. Perspectives should also follow the pattern of descriptive headings.. The text should be line numbered as “continuous” beginning from the first line of the tile to the last line of the article.


Authors should follow internationally accepted conventions with regard to units, symbols and abbreviations. Only SI units of measurement and standard abbreviations should be used.

Statistical analyses

Guidelines on use and presentation of statistics have been published by Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B: Biological Sciences, and are usually printed in the last issue of every volume of that journal. Authors are encouraged to consult those guidelines.


All tables should be numbered serially, in Arabic numerals, in order of appearance. Tables should be as self-contained as possible, with a descriptive but brief title. Details not mentioned in text and explanations may be given below the table as footnotes. Row and column headings should be in lower case, except for the first letter of heading word or phrase, first letter of proper names, or where capitals are essential. A table should not be submitted as an image.


All figures should be numbered, serially in Arabic numerals in order of appearance. Parts of multipart figures, where these are absolutely necessary, should be labelled (a), (b), (c), etc. (lower case). Multipart figures should be submitted as a composite, along with the individual images and labels that form the composite. Authors should take responsibility for neat and correct arrangement of multipart figures. Figure legends should not be included in figure files but should be included in the file of the text. Line drawings should be sharp, and include all lettering that is necessary. Lettering should be in lower case, except for the first letter of label word or phrase, first letter of a proper name, or where capitals are essential. The font should be sans serif (preferably Helvetica or Arial), and letters at final print size should be as close to 8 or 9 point type as possible. All symbol, nomenclature, and other conventions apply to figure lettering. Individual parts in multipart groupings should be as close to each other as possible, with the parts labelled. Photographs should be sharp and high-contrast, and any labelling (such as arrows or letter symbols) should be clear.


Videos should be encoded in the h.264 or vp8 codecs for maximum compatibility with contemporary platforms. Flash and other proprietary formats are not accepted. Video files should be at a maximum of 720p and the file size should not exceed 20 Mb. However, you may upload a larger file to your private YouTube or Vimeo Channel and include the hyperlink and the embed code as part of the submission.


Citations in the text should be by name and year, not number, in chronological order and then alphabetically for the same year, and enclosed in parentheses. When there are two authors, the citation should include both names (e.g. Guo and Thompson 1992). When there are three or more authors, the citation should have only the first author and ‘et al.’ (e.g. Calafell et al. 1996). Two or more citations are separated by a semicolon. References should be listed at the end in alphabetical order by first author's surname. When several references have the same author or first author, single-author works are listed first chronologically, then two-author works in alphabetical order of second author and then chronologically, and multiauthor works third but chronologically. Letter labels should be used (e.g. 1997a, 1997b) in case of works with the same author/authors and of the same year. When there are many more than six authors, it is preferable to name only the first six and use ‘et al.’. Unpublished observations and personal communications should not be included in the list of references, but should be cited within parentheses in the appropriate place in the text with the full names of the sources. The list of references may include papers accepted but not yet published; such references should include the journal name and ‘in press’ in parentheses at the end. Information from material submitted for publication but not yet accepted should be cited only in the text as ‘unpublished observations’ with full names; these should not be included in the list of references. Abstracts should not be used as references. Journal name abbreviations and book titles are in italics, volume number is in bold. There should be a space between initials in author names.


Gibert P., Moreteau B., Moreteau J.-C., Parkash R. and David J. R. 1998 Light body pigmentation in Indian Drosophila melanogaster: a likely adaptation to a hot and arid climate. J. Genet. 77, 13–20.

Sambrook J., Fritsch E. F. and Maniatis T. 1989 Molecular cloning: a laboratory manual, 2nd edition. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, New York, USA.

Via S. 1994 The evolution of phenotypic plasticity: what do we really know? In Ecological genetics (ed. L. A. Real), pp. 35–57. Princeton University Press, Princeton, USA.


These should follow immediately after the end of the main text. In references to granting agencies, the names should be written out fully.


Authors are requested to prepare their manuscript carefully and in accordance with these instructions to avoid delays and to minimise corrections and alterations in copyediting. Proofs will be presented in editable form via an online platform, along with instructions.


The copyright to all published material remains with the authors, and is licensed for reproduction under the Creative Commons – CC BY_NC 4.0 license.

News and Events

29-30 January 2019

Mewa Singh and Amitabh Joshi, on behalf of Dialogue and the Indian Academy of Science, participated in the Teachers' Festival at Mysore held on January 29-30, 2018. Prof. Joshi delivered the inaugural talk and Prof. Singh participated in the discussions over two days.

Policy on plagiarism

Plagiarism as a form of scientific misconduct has been on the rise in recent times. Defined by the US Office of Research Integrity as “the appropriation of another person’s ideas, processes, results or words without giving appropriate credit”, the increase in plagiarism is due not only to all too human failings, but also to the ease with which the emergence of the Internet has made such misconduct possible. Compared to earlier generations, training of students today seems to have become slack in the sense of not conveying a clear understanding of what is right and what is not in such matters.

The editors of all the journals of the Indian Academy of Sciences take a very serious view of any evidence of plagiarism including self-plagiarism in manuscripts submitted to them. Every reasonable effort will be made to investigate any allegations of plagiarism brought to their attention, as well as instances that come up during the peer review process. Such behaviour when proven beyond doubt is unacceptable, and will be suitably exposed. Self-plagiarism will be treated just as seriously. claimed new results express the author’s own findings, and all material taken from the existing literature has been properly acknowledged and referenced.

Upon receipt of a manuscript by any of the Academy journals, the authors or corresponding author will be required to sign an undertaking to the effect that the work has not been submitted elsewhere for publication, the claimed new results express the author’s own findings, and all material taken from the existing literature has been properly acknowledged and referenced.

In those instances where in spite of these precautions a case of plagiarism goes undetected in the review process and is discovered after publication, both online and print versions of the journals concerned will carry a notice of the discovery. Depending on the seriousness of the case, the Academy reserves the right to inform the heads of the offending authors’ institutions and their funding agencies about the editors’ findings.

The jurisdiction for all disputes concerning published material, subscription and sale will be at courts/tribunals situated in Bengaluru city only.


Indian Academy of Sciences

C. V. Raman Avenue
Post Box No. 8005,
Raman Research Institute Campus,
Bengaluru 560 080


Fax +91-80-2361 6094