Volume 4

Sustainability Analysis of Municipal Solid Waste Management Programme in GMADA Cluster, Punjab

Monikankana Sharma
Centre for Sustainable Technologies, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012

Published 2023-09-02


  • Municipal Solid Waste, Solid Waste Management, Mohali, Refuse Derived Fuel, Composting.

How to Cite

Sharma, M. (2023). Sustainability Analysis of Municipal Solid Waste Management Programme in GMADA Cluster, Punjab. DIALOGUE: Science, Scientists and Society, 4(.), 1–14. Retrieved from https://dialogue.ias.ac.in/index.php/dialogue/article/view/45


Solid waste management (SWM) is one of the important components of Swachh Bharat Mission, a campaign taken up by the Government of India with an aim to clean up the streets of Indian cities/ towns and make them free from open defecation. This paper analyses the action plans taken up by the government of Punjab in response to the new SWM Rules, 2016, for developing waste processing facilities. The focus is particularly on Mohali as it is emerging as an educational hub, and accordingly, the government is coming up with a plan to develop a centralized waste processing facility to generate Refuse derived Fuel (RDF). Through this study, we try to highlight that the current chosen technology - RDF may not sustain as a large fraction of the wastes generated in Mohali is wet organics (62%), while the dry combustible fraction required for RDF is only 17%. Further, it has been observed that Mohali plans to connect 15 urban local bodies (ULBs) to a single processing site and a few of them are far (~70 km) and generate low daily wastes (5-7 TPD). Thus, looking at the obvious difficulties, the current study concludes that the SWM plan needs a revision with more focus on anaerobic digestion (AD) or composting as they are the appropriate technology for handing wet organic wastes.


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